PEACE AND JUSTICE THE PROBLEM OF IMPUNITY FOR HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS
Conferences Date07 Oct 2017 15:00 - 15 Oct 2017 23:59
CreatorDr. Ahmet Murat Aytaç
The problem of impunity for human rights violations stems mainly from the impossibility of bringing perpetrators of violations before the justice that might lead to them being accused, arrested, tried and, if required, sentenced to appropriate punishments. At first, the impunity seems to be an evident consequence of a failed attempt to put all required judicial processes at work. And this failure creates an unbearable “justice gap” which may result in a total erosion of trust in state and society relations. In order to fully grasp the scope and depth of the justice gap in question, one first has to analyze the sources of de facto and de jure hindrances erected before the judicial processes. In relation with this, a more comprehensive approach that highlights the link between the conditions of living together in a society and the pursuit of justice is required. The struggle against impunity needs much more than determining appropriate punishments that correspond to the acts of perpetrators. This is why an a prior understanding of the determinants of the political conflicts that lead to those violations is considered to be one of the main pillars of this analysis. Obviously, the elimination of the conflict potentials, that is, the pursuit of social and political peace, constitutes the other pole of the struggle against impunity. One can safely argue that the tension between the principles of justice that calls for accountability and peace that calls for a stable and sustainable social environment constitutes the main challenge for all conflict resolution processes. Therefore, in this study, the main issues of human rights theory will be seen through the eyeglasses of this tension, and not only the contemporary methods and instruments employed in human rights politics, but also the strategic problems of the peace processes will be examined under the same light.