TWO INTERPENETRATED CONCEPTS TALKING ABOUT PEACE WITH REFERENCE TO IDENTITY AND CLASS
Conferences Date07 Oct 2017 15:01 - 15 Oct 2017 23:59
CreatorDr. Atilla Güney
The aim of this presentation is to discuss the antinomies encountered both in theoretical evaluations on peace and in the practice of struggling for the constitution of peace. First, starting with considering the phenomenon of peace as “sui-generis value”, the first antinomy observed in the practice, that is struggling for peace, has been placed in an ethical manner and hence was mythicized. A brief overview on theoretical studies of the origin and results of war, shows us that most of them depend on the ontological argumentations of post-structuralism. Contemporary discussions on peace – or its dialectical opposite "war"- strongly have been influenced by psychologic explanations such as “self and other” and/or ontologically inspired ones from a Schmittian tradition based no a “friend and enemy". In other words, questioning the phenomenon of peace has been closely related to identity politics in which the language of the sufferer and the subordinat, being temporary, contingent and having no substantive foundation, dominates the discourse. One of the basic argument, which is going to be discussed here, is that the antinomies of post-structuralist identity theories resulting from just enough off the mark of the relation between the construction of identities within the capitalist mode of production and its dialectical relation with classes and class relation. Under this general problematicization, in the first part of the study, I will try to discuss the basic arguments of post-structuralist theory leading to identity politics and hence influence assessments on peace on the one hand, and to reveal how it reduced class analysis to identity analysis. In the second part, I will propose a new sight in understanding the dialectical relation between war and peace. In doing this, I will suggest that exploitation of labor and discrimination and political domination that seem to be steered by identity politics, can be synthesized into a unique theoretical framework. The current political and economic conjuncture opens a suitable way to use these two different theoretical position to understand the warfare observed all around the world and I will propose a formulation for sustainable peace.